Parsley – The Wonderdrug

Ever had parsley?

Yeah, so why are we talking about it?

“Let food be thy medicine” – Hippocrates

And it is…

Introduction

Ethnomedicine “is a study or comparison of the traditional medicine based on bioactive compounds in plants and animals and practiced by various ethnic groups, especially those with little access to western medicines, e.g., indigenous peoples” – Google

Benefits and Effects

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) contains the following Flavanoids: Apigenin, luteolin, Chrysoeriol, Quercetin, and Isorhamnetin. A Flavanoid is a phytonutrient and a powerful antioxidant found in plants.

  • A study by Zhang, Chen, and Wang (2006) using 14 participants found that parsley greatly increased their physiological antioxidant functioning, seen also in the seed’s oil.
  • In addition, Tunali, Yarat, and Yanardag, (1999) found improved blood glucose levels and reduced oxidative damage in the heart, notably the aorta tissue.
  • Reduced reproductive toxicity, significantly increased sperm count/motility and testosterone level, reduced chromosomal abberations, a diuretic effect, and inhibition of Na + -K+ ATPase activity (Kreydiyyeh & Usta, 2002).
  • “Hot and cold water extract from pseudomonas crispum leaves demonstrated antibacterial activity against pseudomonas aeruginosa, S. aureus and S. pyogenes isolated from patient with burn infection, demonstrated inhibitory activity against E. coli, L. monocytogenes, Erwinia carotovora, and Listeria innocua and no inhibition against Pseudomonas fragi. Psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, 5-methoxypsoralen, oxypeucedanin and isopimpinellin were among the responsible antimicrobial furocoumarins” (p. 824). Also showing anti-platelet, anti-coagulant, spasmolytic, and analgesic effects (Kreydiyyeh & Usta, 2002).
  • Success on treating otitis, sniffle and flu may be related to its antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activity (Kreydiyyeh & Usta, 2002).

References

Zhang H, Chen F, Wang X, et al. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) essential oil and identification of its antioxidant constituents. Food Res Int 2006; 39(8): 833-839.

Tunali T, Yarat A, Yanardağ R, et al. Effect of parsley (Petroselinum crispum) on the skin of STZ induced diabetic rats. Phytother Res 1999; 13(2): 138-141.

Yousofi A, Daneshmandi S, Soleimani N, et al. Immunomodulatory effect of Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) essential oil on immune cells: mitogen-activated splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2012; 34(2): 303-308.

Kreydiyyeh SI, Usta J. Diuretic effect and mechanism of action of parsley. J Ethnopharmacol 2002; 79(3): 353-357.

Ojala T, Remes S, Haansuu P, et al. Antimicrobial activity of some coumarin containing herbal plants growing in Finland. J Ethnopharmacol 2000; 73(1): 299-305.

Kreydiyyeh SI, Usta J. Diuretic effect and mechanism ofaction of parsley. J Ethnopharmacol 2002; 79(3): 353-357.

Al-Howiriny T, Al-Sohaibani M, El-Tahir K, et al. Prevention of experimentally-induced gastric ulcers in rats by anethanolic extract of “Parsley” Petroselinum crispum. Am JChin Med 2003; 31(5): 699-711.

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